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The energy-momentum problem in general relativity

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dc.contributor.advisor Virbhadra, K.S.
dc.contributor.advisor Dube, T.A.
dc.contributor.author Xulu, Sibusiso S.
dc.date.accessioned 2011-08-10T10:51:54Z
dc.date.available 2011-08-10T10:51:54Z
dc.date.issued 2002
dc.identifier.other 268109
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10530/815
dc.description Thesis presented for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Applied Mathematics, Department of Mathematical Sciences at the University of Zululand, 2002. en_US
dc.description.abstract Energy-momentum is an important conserved quantity whose definition has been a focus of many investigations in general relativity. Unfortunately, there is still no generally accepted definition of energ3r and momentum in general relativity. Attempts aimed at finding a quantity for describing distribution of energy-momentum due to matter, non-gravitational and gravitational fields only resulted in various energy-momentum complexes (these are nontensorial under general coordinate transformations) whose physical meaning have been questioned. The problems associated with energy-momentum complexes re¬sulted in some researchers even abandoning the concept of energy-momentum localization in favor of the alternative concept of quasi-localization. However, quasi-local masses have their inadequacies, while the remarkable work of Virbhadra and some others, and recent results of Cooperstock and Chang et ai have revived an interest in various energy-momentum complexes. Hence in this work we use energy-momentum complexes to obtain the energy dis¬tributions in various space-times. We elaborate on the problem of energy localization in general relativity and use energy-momentum prescriptions of Einstein, Landau and Lifshitz, Papapetrou, Weinberg, and Moller to investigate energy distributions in var¬ious space-times. It is shown that several of these energy-momentum com¬plexes give the same and acceptable results for a given space-time. This shows the importance of these energy-momentum complexes. Our results agree with Virbhadra's conclusion that the Einstein's energy-momentum complex is still the best tool for obtaining energy distribution in a given space-time. The Cooperstock hypothesis (that energy and momentum in a curved space-time are confined to the the regions of non-vanishing energy-momentum of matter and the non-gravitational field) is also supported. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship National Research Fund and the University of Zululand en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject General relativity (Physics) en_US
dc.subject Mathematics en_US
dc.subject Mathematical physics en_US
dc.title The energy-momentum problem in general relativity en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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