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Housing delivery and the sustainability of the Durban Metropolitan area

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dc.contributor.advisor Makhanya, E.M.
dc.contributor.author Gumbi, Bonginkosi Burlington.
dc.date.accessioned 2010-09-15T07:00:45Z
dc.date.available 2010-09-15T07:00:45Z
dc.date.issued 2001
dc.identifier.other 264437
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10530/447
dc.description Submitted to the Faculty of Arts in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy in the Department of Geography and Environmental Studies at the University of Zululand, 2001. en_US
dc.description.abstract Housing delivery and the sustainability of the Durban Metropolitan area is explained in this thesis as a heterogeneous, long lasting, immobile and essential consumer good that needs to be delivered to the homeless. Such a delivery process needs to ensure that the Durban Metropolitan area remains sustainable. Conceptual frameworks of the thesis entail theory on First and Third Worlds as well as that on urban sustainability in relation to housing delivery. In an effort to place the enquiry in its proper perspective, philosophical paradigms such as neo-classical economics, Marxian socialist model, mixed economics and the Africanist -environmentalist point of view, with particular reference to the latter paradigm, are all examined. While the Marxian socialist economic model appears to have failed in most countries this paradigm is used as a critique on the neo-classical model. In a mixed economic approach the aim is to make use of the positive elements of both capitalism and socialism as an effort to deliver housing in the study area. The Africanist-environmentalist thesis is a humanistic perspective. The main objectives of the thesis aim to examine the nature of the housing delivery constraints with regard to their cause and effect relationships. The goal is to observe an ordered network of links between production, consumption, exchange and the environment. The next objective is to empower the marginalised through Afrocentric job creation initiatives. The final objective is aimed at considering a sustainable delivery of housing in the study area by taking into account the African environment and its people. Hypotheses related to the above objectives are discussed in the thesis. Methods of investigation encompass a combination of research techniques which attempt to attain a balanced picture of research findings. The walking strategy was used to identify housing delivery related problems. The questionnaire technique combined both structured and unstructured interview questionnaires. Purposive sampling where respondents from the middle income, lower income and lowest income groups answered questionnaires, was utilised. The analysis and interpretation of data were effected manually by drawing two way tables which included column variables across tables, and row variables on the margins of tables. Later on, the tables, a pie chart and diagrams illustrating the ecological interaction were drawn by means of Microsoft Word '97 package. The map of the study area was drawn by means of a GIS package. The main finding was that colonial imperialism is the major independent variable in the study area. Housing resource inequities resulted in housing shortages particularly amongst the poor. Dependent variables such as unemployment, homelessness and squatting are a function of resource inequalities amongst Whites and Blacks. The legacy of apartheid capitalism seems to favour middle income housing delivery at the expense of the marginalised. The high population growth rate appears to aggravate the housing delivery crisis in the study area. The absence of infrastructural services in Black areas encourages slum conditions which degrade the natural environment. Natural hazards in the form landslides, floods an soil erosion inhibit the provision of housing in the study area. Lack of working skills amongst the poor hinders job creation initiatives. The conclusions that emerged from the inquiry were that the human element plays a vital role in exacerbating the housing delivery crisis in the Durban Metropolitan area. The fact that apartheid capitalism, greed, corruption and crime are human engineered is proof that the human element contributes to the housing delivery problem. Blacks will only be empowered in the true sense of the word when they are financially self-sufficient and when they are fully in control of the housing delivery process in the study area. The recognition by all housing delivery stakeholders that the African environment and its cultural aspects play a prominent role in the provision of housing could make the study area sustainable to the benefit of current and future residents of the Durban Metropolitan area. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Housing delivery--Durban Metro en_US
dc.title Housing delivery and the sustainability of the Durban Metropolitan area en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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