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A comparative study of South African and Nigerian legislation relating to control of gas emission

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dc.contributor.advisor Ndaba, W.J.
dc.contributor.advisor Van den, N.J.C.
dc.contributor.author Oke-Samuel, Olugbenga
dc.date.accessioned 2017-07-28T07:02:12Z
dc.date.available 2017-07-28T07:02:12Z
dc.date.issued 2013
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10530/1606
dc.description A dissertation submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the Doctor Legum (LLD) in the Faculty of Commerce, Law and Administration in the Department of Law at the University of Zululand, South Africa, 2013 en_US
dc.description.abstract This research investigates the environmental legislation of South Africa and Nigeria as tools for control of gas emission within the context of the universal morality of environmental protection. The study highlights the other side of industrial activities - the devastating effect on health, community and the natural environment of the release of noxious gases from oil production activities. The gas emission situation in South Durban- South Africa and Niger Delta, Nigeria provide a common basis for the study. The study examined relevant legislation for control of gas emissions in the two countries. This involves identification and review of International and regional agreements, soft laws, constitutions and domestic legislation considered applicable to control of gas emission and air quality management in the two countries. The over reliance of the two countries on production of primary energy sources like coal and petrol chemicals and other fossils is revealed among others as major sources of gas emission in the two countries. Theoretically, there exist frameworks for emission control in the two countries. While both countries are signatories to relevant treaties and conventions on environment and emission control, there are fundamental differences in the nature and approach of the two countries to gas emission control and environmental law making in general. Environmental protection in South Africa is rooted in the universally acclaimed principle of sustainable development. The Constitution of South Africa not only provide for environmental rights but gives clear mandates to the parliament to legislate towards pollution prevention, conservation promotion and sustainable development. These principles underlie the South African emission control. On the other hand, the absence of a constitutional provision on sustainable development and right to environment in the Nigerian constitution limits emission control to the application of sector based legislation, in this case, oil industry legislations. These statutes predate the 1999 constitution of the country and therefore lack the necessary constitutional impetus regarded as essential for effective emission and environmental control. While it may be too early to assess the performance of the South African framework which together with the international components consists of post 1996 legislation, the researcher found the South Africa framework clear, direct and ascertainable. In the case of Nigeria applicable statutes are mostly not direct and there is a deliberate exclusion of the application of the provisions of the new National Environmental Standard Enforcement Agency (NESRA) ACT which established a semi- independent environmental body to emission and environmental problems in the oil industry. This development is a setback in emission control and environmental management in the country. At present, applicable oil industry statutes do not promote contemporary principles of environmental protection like sustainable development and environmental rights content. The Study found that despite available international and domestic frameworks, gas emission remains a major challenge in the two countries. Appropriate recommendations are made towards addressing the identified barricades. These include capacity building and a strong political will to drive the new regime in South Africa. In Nigeria, to make legislation a veritable tool for emission control demands urgent law review among other measures. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Education Trust Fund en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher University of Zululand en_US
dc.subject gas emission --air quality --legislation --oil production --Niger --Delta --South Durban en_US
dc.title A comparative study of South African and Nigerian legislation relating to control of gas emission en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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