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Gang conflict in the South African prisons : a case of Waterval, 1980- 1992

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dc.contributor.advisor Vilakazi, H.W.
dc.contributor.author Selepe, Siphiwe Hope.
dc.date.accessioned 2013-02-07T09:56:43Z
dc.date.available 2013-02-07T09:56:43Z
dc.date.issued 1996
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10530/1139
dc.description Submitted to the Faculty of Arts in fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in Sociology in the Department of Sociology at the University of Zululand, South Africa, 1996. en_US
dc.description.abstract This research is based on Gang Conflict in the South African Prisons, with special reference to Waterval prison, 1980-1992. This research primarily attempts to describe the prison subculture in terms of its characteristics and influence as they relate to conflict situations. Furthermore, it outlines this phenomenon as it affects the behaviour and attitudes of prisoners in general and prison officials in particular. In assessing the major impact of Gang Conflict as a form of deviance towards prison officials efforts to rehabilitation, the theories of Robert Merton as well as that of Karl Marx (i.e. Anomie and Alienation) have a tremendous influence in this study. Other sociological theories are considered as contributory to the study. For purposes of collecting data, a survey questionnaire was administered to 50 prison warders, with more than 3 years experience, drawn from the total population of Waterval prison warders. To put the study of Gang Conflict in context, chapter 2 contains the background and development of Waterval Prison, which does not justify the conditions and treatment of priosners. Regarding some gangs found in the South African prisons, chapter 3 gives an exposition to the origin, structure and function of most important prison gangs. Chapter 4, further outlines the character of prison subculture and its influence on deviance to both prisoners and and prison warders. The existence and survival of prison gangs are due to factors both inside and outside the prison. In the light of the findings of this study, the following was recommended: * The need for further research in a number of aspects, related to this problem and the service structure facilities needed. * The image of warders should be actively enhanced. Their sense of responsibility, loyalty, educational level, in-service training and ability to cope professionally with their task should receive top priority to combat gangs. This enhancement is further recommended to other prison departments, to ascertain a cross-cultural picture. * Prison officials should always be on the look-out for gangs and strict control measures by all personnel against gangs may be simple solution to the problem. Therefore, they should be able to identify gang members. * Health and welfare services as well as psychiatric and psychological services should be common functions of the prison without class interests. This might consolidate in the total eradication of Prison Gangs. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher University of Zululand en_US
dc.subject Gang Conflict en_US
dc.subject Prison life -- South Africa en_US
dc.title Gang conflict in the South African prisons : a case of Waterval, 1980- 1992 en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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