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Career choices of black grade 12 learners in KwaZulu-Natal schools: implications for sustainable development

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dc.contributor.advisor Dlamini, E.T.
dc.contributor.author Mmema, Sipho Sibusiso
dc.date.accessioned 2011-06-14T09:13:54Z
dc.date.available 2011-06-14T09:13:54Z
dc.date.issued 2010
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10530/587
dc.description Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Master of Environmental Education in the Faculty of Education, University of Zululand, 2010. en_US
dc.description.abstract Skills development is a crucial issue in South Africa as the economy of the country will only grow if there are people with the right skills and expertise to run all sectors of the economy. This study examined the career choices of Black Grade twelve learners in order to determine whether at this level learners have broadened their career choices to include scarce areas such as, for example, Science, Mathematics and Economics Management Science. The choice of careers is an important sustainable development issue, because without relevant expertise the economy of the country will not improve. Secondly, the demise of apartheid opened up careers which were previously denied to Black people; it is for this reason that the researcher examined the career choices of Black Grade twelve learners in the Province of KwaZulu-Natal in the Republic of South Africa. The study made use of questionnaires to establish what kind of career choices Black Grade twelve learners made and also to find out whether there was any difference between the careers chosen by girls and boys and also between rural and urban learners. The study found that the general career choices of both males and females had changed by the time they reached Grade twelve, seen against career studies done at Primary school level (Mmema, 2010). In this study, some males currently chose careers that were previously only popular with females in grade seven, such as nursing, information technology, tourism, and computer sciences. Similarly, girls had begun to choose careers that were traditionally popular with the boys, such as mining, land surveying, doctor, civil engineering, prison warden, journalism, electrical engineering and mechanical engineering. The strategy of the Department of Education in encouraging girls to participate in science projects seems to be working, even though it is at this stage concentrated at urban schools. The study indicated that the Department of Education needed to put more effort into career guidance in rural schools where the learners were not exposed to diverse career choices and information about technology. Learners in the urban areas seemed to be more familiar with career choices in general than the rural learners. Very few males and females intended to choose any of the many apprenticeships available in the trades, with the result that foreign people often take up the trades after following an apprenticeship. This is one of the important factors that cause xenophobia. Many of the sectors of the economy in this country are experiencing crisis. The result is that most of the economy of the country is controlled by people who have not chosen their professions with the necessary foresight and are therefore square pegs in round holes. This poses a serious challenge to the government and also to the Department of Education; they have to make learners more aware of the shortage of skills in the different sectors and prepare them to make wise career choices. As a recommendation, it is suggested that the government put more effort into assisting learners with career choices, particularly in the Black rural areas since Blacks form a two-third majority in the country. Career guidance will also stimulate and increase awareness of the professional and semi-professional careers that are available in the workplace. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Career guidance en_US
dc.subject Skills development en_US
dc.title Career choices of black grade 12 learners in KwaZulu-Natal schools: implications for sustainable development en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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