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Tourism based black economic empowerment [BEE] : initiatives for local community development

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dc.contributor.author Magi, Lindisizwe M.
dc.date.accessioned 2020-01-23T12:42:40Z
dc.date.available 2020-01-23T12:42:40Z
dc.date.issued 2010-01
dc.identifier.citation Magi, L.M., 2010. Tourism based black economic empowerment [BEE]: initiatives for local community development. Inkanyiso: Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 2(2), pp.122-134. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 2077-2815
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10530/1973
dc.description Peer reviewed article published under Inkanyiso, Volume 2, Issue 2, Jan 2010, p. 98 - 107 en_US
dc.description.abstract The South African government through a variety of tourism policies and strategies has tried to utilise the Black economic empowerment [BEE] initiative to improve economic benefits for the previously disadvantaged communities. This is to bear in mind that the BEE initiative has been criticised in that “transformation has come to represent a way of compensating previously disadvantaged people, rather than creating opportunities for all citizens to contribute their talents and energies to the process of developing our country” (Ramphele, 2008: 265). This paper aims at discussing the viewpoints, practicalities and challenges of the tourism related BEE initiatives towards achieving community empowerment and development in KwaZulu-Natal. It also focuses on identifying tourism business opportunities available to the previously neglected communities and social groups. Some of the more specific objectives are: (a) To reveal the extent to which Black people are aware of tourism based BEE opportunities. (b) To establish the levels of tourism stakeholder participation in the BEE initiatives within the study area. (c) To investigate whether the BEE policy is perceived as contributing adequately to tourism entrepreneurship in the study area. It is anticipated that the findings of this study will reflect outcomes that represent the true nature of Black economic empowerment opportunities in the area. It was established that the implementation of BEE policies was not adequately stimulating tourism development, and needed the introduction of a new tourism strategy for entrepreneurial development. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher University of Zululand en_US
dc.subject Black economic empowerment en_US
dc.subject entrepreneurship en_US
dc.subject tourism en_US
dc.subject tourism development en_US
dc.subject community development en_US
dc.subject disadvantaged communities en_US
dc.title Tourism based black economic empowerment [BEE] : initiatives for local community development en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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