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Spoils politics and environmental struggle in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria

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dc.contributor.author Tonwe, Daniel. A.
dc.contributor.author Ojo, Godwin Uyi
dc.contributor.author Aghedo, Iro
dc.date.accessioned 2020-01-21T11:57:36Z
dc.date.available 2020-01-21T11:57:36Z
dc.date.issued 2012-01
dc.identifier.citation Tonwe, D.A., Ojo, G.U. and Aghedo, I., 2012. Spoils politics and environmental struggle in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. Inkanyiso: Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 4(1), pp.37-48. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 2077-2815
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10530/1930
dc.description Peer reviewed article published under Inkanyiso, Volume 4, Issue 1, Jan 2012, p. 37 - 48 en_US
dc.description.abstract The protracted conflict in the Niger Delta communities is currently being diagnosed with a view to understanding the nature of the resource struggle. From the 1980s, the region’s cry of marginalization and exclusion from oil revenue allocation was couched in a wave of environmentalism. Environmental activism had assumed the shape of peaceful community protests against the transnational oil companies and was largely directed at ecological remediation and environmental justice. Environmentalism has now assumed new dimensions both in demands and strategy. The struggle has advanced to a low intensity conflict ostensibly against the state which has resulted in the militarization of the region. Although amnesty has been granted the militants by the federal government since October 2009 as a first step to resolving the conflict, there has been criticism trailing its framing and implementation that did not take into account some historical and socio-political antecedents of conflicts in the region. This paper revisits these and applies the greed and grievance framework to investigate the nature of the conflicts. It examines the pattern of environmentalism and discusses the complex nature of the conflicts against the curtailment of primordial motivations if environmental justice is to be achieved. Contrary to the literature, it demonstrates how grievance may manifest in greed in a mutually reinforcing pattern en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher University of Zululand en_US
dc.subject Greed en_US
dc.subject grievance en_US
dc.subject militancy en_US
dc.subject Niger Delta en_US
dc.subject marginalization and exclusion en_US
dc.title Spoils politics and environmental struggle in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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