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The determinants of self-employment relative to being a wage earner in Ladysmith, KZN

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dc.contributor.advisor Kaseeram, I.
dc.contributor.advisor Contogiannis, E.
dc.contributor.author Kumalo, Siboniso Nhlanhla
dc.date.accessioned 2017-06-29T08:39:27Z
dc.date.available 2017-06-29T08:39:27Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10530/1543
dc.description A thesis submitted to the Faculty of Commerce, Administration and Law in fulfilment of the requirements for the Degree of Masters of Commerce (Economics) in the Department of Economics at the University Of Zululand, South Africa, 2017 en_US
dc.description.abstract Following the unprecedented increase in the self-employment rates in South Africa, the study probes the determinants of self-employment relative to being a wage earner within the context of black owned businesses in Ladysmith, KZN. A questionnaire was administered to 450 respondents comprising 299 gainfully employed and 151 self-employed blacks, using a combination of convenience and snowball sampling for the self-employed and random methods to identify wage/salary earners. The study employed a logistic regression model to estimate the probability of being self-employed relative to being a wage/salary earner focusing on household income per capita, education, age, marital status, family business background, risk propensity, gender and access to finance as independent variables, gathered from the questionnaire, to shed new light on self-employment determinants. The study used the Hosmer-Lemeshow test to assess goodness of fit and the Wald test to assess the contribution of individual predictors in the model. Supported by descriptive statistics and chi squared test, the logistic results showed a positive and meaningful relationship between self-employment and age suggesting that as one becomes older each year increases the probability of being self-employed by 3.27%. With regards to gender, the results showed a positive relationship suggesting that being female increases the possibility of being self-employed by 57.35%. On the other hand, marital status results suggested that being single decreases the chances of being self-employed by 55.56% indicating that single people are more likely to be gainfully employed. Furthermore results revealed that an additional year of education increases the possibility of being of self-employed by 13.07%. When a person has a family business background, the possibility of that person being self-employed is higher by 146%, and lastly, increased funding opportunities cause an increase in self-employment by 397%. en_US
dc.subject self employment --unemployment --black businesses --South Africa en_US
dc.title The determinants of self-employment relative to being a wage earner in Ladysmith, KZN en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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