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The evaluation of existing household water treatment system using World Health Organisation recommendations.

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dc.contributor.advisor Simonis, J.J.
dc.contributor.advisor Basson, A.K.
dc.contributor.author Selepe, T.N.
dc.date.accessioned 2016-01-21T08:36:53Z
dc.date.available 2016-01-21T08:36:53Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10530/1436
dc.description A thesis submitted to the Faculty of Science and Agriculture in fulfilment of the requirements for the Degree of Masters in Microbiology in the Department of Hydrology at the University of Zululand, South Africa, 2014 en_US
dc.description.abstract Household water treatment technology coupled with nanotechnology research have been developed and managed to treat water at household level. This technology will help address United Nation Millennium Goals (UNMG) 2015 of access to safe drinking water within South African Development Countries (SADC). University of Zululand (UNIZULU) Hydrology Department has developed a low cost household treatment system (HWTS) using a traditional slip-cast process of inorganic and organic compounds mixed together and fired at high temperature to produce pores. The filter has shown high strength, high chemical resistance, and thermal stability and proved very durable when subjected to harsh operational conditions. When the filter properties were compared to other low cost HWTS, it shows increased porosity of 69%, pore sizes of 0.3- 4µm and flow rate of 1-2L/h. The HWTS was initially impregnated with metal oxides such as silver oxide (AgO), copper oxide (CuO), zinc oxide (ZnO) and iron oxide (FeO) using capillary suction dried in kiln to improve viral removal. The impacts of these metal oxides were tested on selected bacteria, protozoa and bacteriophages. The selected bacteria show log reduction value (LRV) of 5, protozoa LRV of >6 and bacteriophages LRV 2.8 for AgO and CuO showing LRV of 4. Field testing was repeatedly performed over a period of one month. Cleaning of HWTS was only done at the end of testing. The results were as follows: somatic phages were reduced by 99.999% while Fspecific phages showed a reduction of 99.999%. This concludes that UNIZULU locally developed HWTS has met WHO performance standards and can be utilised to uplift the impact of safe drinking facing the SADC. en_US
dc.publisher University of Zululand en_US
dc.subject water treatment --nanotechnology --World Health Organisation en_US
dc.title The evaluation of existing household water treatment system using World Health Organisation recommendations. en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


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